In New Hampshire, an advisory council frequently reviews state policies related to homeschooling.


New Hampshire is in the northeastern United States and legalized homeschooling in 1990. It is the only state with an active advisory council that reviews the state’s homeschool policies.


The New Hampshire Department of Education offers parents a home education webpage that outlines the state’s requirements. Parents who wish to homeschool their students, ages 6 to 18, must meet several requirements. Parents must notify the principal, superintendent, or education commissioner within five days of beginning a homeschool program. It is advised that parents maintain a portfolio of student work for the state to review. Students must receive instruction in basic subjects. The regulation states that home education must be “provided, coordinated, and directed by the parents for his or her own child.” The parents must show their student’s progress by submitting a student portfolio of work for evaluation; by the student taking a nationally norm-referenced test, or by an evaluation by a certified teacher. These assessments and evaluation results may not be used to terminate homeschooling, but they may restrict access to public school offerings like courses and extracurriculars. The state also has a Home Education Advisory Council.

New Hampshire provides broad access for all students to public school courses and extracurricular activities. The state funds these offerings, which removes barriers for families in any nonpublic schooling situation, including homeschoolers. The only limitations are that public school students cannot access offerings at other public schools, and no one can access offerings outside of their residential district. Access to special education services is unclear.

State Data

New Hampshire reports more than 20 years of homeschool participation data and disaggregated participation data, broken down by district. For example, nearly 4,200 students reported homeschooling in 2021-22, decreasing to 3,700 the following academic year.

A bar chart showing homeschool rates in New Hampshire from 1999 to 2024, with rates increasing from 1999 to 2000, dropping significantly in 2001, rising steadily from 2002 to 2015, dropping slightly in 2016, rising again through 2019 and spiking in 2020, then steadily dropping from 2021 to 2023.

U.S. Census estimates indicate that around 3.4% of New Hampshire families homeschooled in the spring of 2020 and increased to 6.3% by the fall of 2020. These percentages reflect families, not students. The percentage of students homeschooling would likely be higher since many families have more than one child. Based on estimates from the 2022 and 2023 school years, the U.S. Census found that an average of 5.6% of K-12 students in New Hampshire were homeschooled.

Download Homeschool Hub State Data

Cross-Sector Comparison

During the 2019-20 academic year, 1.7% of New Hampshire’s K-12 students were homeschooled. Homeschool participation in the state was much lower than the 9% of students attending private schools but only slightly lower than the 2% of students attending charter schools. In 2021-22, 2.2% of New Hampshire’s K-12 students were homeschooled. Private school attendance increased to nearly 11%, while 2.5% of students attended charter schools.

A pie chart showing home, charter, private, and traditional public school percentages in New Hampshire in 2021-22

School Choice Context

In addition to homeschooling, parents in New Hampshire have multiple school choice options. These include enrollment in traditional public, private, magnet, charter, and virtual online schools. The state also allows inter- and intra-district choice. Further, New Hampshire has three funding options for nonpublic education. The Education Freedom Account Program offers students up to $4,700. Homeschool students are eligible if they meet the other requirements of the program.


New Hampshire provides access and other support to families who choose a nonpublic education alternative, including those who homeschool. The state could further improve transparency, and better inform our understanding of homeschooling in the state and nation by including disaggregated reporting on homeschooled students by age. Currently, the state collects this information but does not report it publicly.