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Schools are accommodating diversity with a variety of teaching strategies and different degrees of mastery. Inclusive learning environments are reflections of the change in teaching and learning to help all students meet high expectations.
Go to articles and links for further information:
Criteria for Identifying Best Practices
A list of objective standards to use as guidelines in evaluating learning models.
Connecting IDEAs Project
Seattle School District and Antioch University have joined in the development of a training model for inclusive practices.
Alderwood Middle School Makes a Difference
Pat Steinburg and Suzie Baier
What Works in Classroom Instruction
The purpose of this publication is to provide educators with instructional strategies that research shows have the greatest likelihood of positively affecting student learning. It is designed to be used by K-12 classroom teachers, building level administrators, and central office administrators. It is offered as a tool to enhance students' achievement in any content area.
S.M.A.R.T. Management For Teaching And Learning Elizabeth Webber
Classroom management is critical to successful teaching and students' effective learning. Five management strategies for effective classrooms are introduced here with examples of actions for teachers.
The Powerful Impact of Stress and Calm on Health, Behavior and Learning Victoria Tennant
As high stress increases in classrooms for both teachers and students, a specialist in this field offers timely and helpful suggestions for coping.
School-Wide Positive Behavioral Support: A Continuum of Proactive Strategies for All Students
Kristy B. Ausdemore, Ronald C. Martella, Nancy E. Marchand-Martella
University special education graduate student and professors explain the School Wide Positive Support (SW-PBS) technique that leads to more positive behaviors and increases active engagement in learning. They have written an additional article An Overview of Direct Instruction.
You Can Teach Self Control
Karen L. Aitken
How a third grade teacher in Texas teaches her students an essential life and learning skill.
A Classroom Where All Students Are Learning
Alice C. Mendoza
A dedicated third grade teacher describes her inclusion classroom and the specific ways she helps all her students to learn and work together.
Catching the Children Who Fall Through The Cracks
The founder and Executive Director of Children's Institute for Learning Differences (CHILD) shows the program helps children with special needs to learn by meeting their individual needs and teaching them to self regulate.
Strategies for Winning Over the Impossible Class
A thirty-three year teaching veteran shares her effective methods to help students feel respected, loved and successful.
One Response to Special Needs in the Classroom: Utilizing College Students as an Untapped Resource
University of Washington Pipeline Program Director explains her outreach program that offers undergraduate students both educational and service opportunities to tutor students in public schools.
Language Learning Impairment: Integrating Research and Remediation
Paula Tallal, Ph.D.
A computer game program called Fast ForWord has been shown to significantly improve the central auditory processing and speech and language skills of language learning impaired children. This novel remediation technique grew out of a collaboration between Dr. Paula Tallal and Dr. Michael Merzenich. Their research show that improvements are replicable and continue over time and are achieved in a relatively short, intensive program.
Teaching Study Skills with Brain Science
Timmi Jo Forbes, et al.
The author uses neuroscience in the classroom so that special needs students can discover for themselves how they can learn.
Service Learning in Special Education
Lori Armstrong Lynass
Special education teacher finds service learning a valuable tool for helping her students to become engaged in successful learning.
Learning Through Meaningful Work
B. J. Wise
" Every school has a small core of students whose basic needs for attention, nurturing and competence cannot be met by the large group approach required in most public school classrooms." B. J. Wise and the faculty at Silver Ridge Elementary School met this challenge with a creative approach that rewards children for competence and initiative. Best of all, the Meaningful Work program includes everyone in school, and builds positive mentoring and learning relationships. It even generates income that helps support the program. The Meaningful Work program has been adopted by other schools and districts.
The Story of Echo Glen
A research analyst for the Washington Education Association describes the success of the Echo Glen Juvenile Detention Center's academic program and their participation in the "Keys to Excellence in Your School" program.
This innovative and highly successful program works to encourage the academic achievement of students whose potential has too often gone unrecognized and underdeveloped.
Field Trips and Research Projects for Kids with Learning Disabilities
Arnold L. Stark
Arnold Stark observes that many students with learning disabilities have intense strengths and interests that must be supported and encouraged in school and at home in order for them to flourish academically.
A Teacher's Guide to Including Students with Disabilities in General Physical Education
Martin E. Block
This is a practical handbook for any physical education teacher! It includes a description of what a quality physical education program should include, and reviews the history and key characteristics of inclusion.
Art Therapy: A Proposal for Inclusion in School Settings
Eve C. Jarboe
Ms. Jarboe explains the basics of art therapy and makes a case for its addition to school counseling programs.
Music Activities as a Cognitive Tool for the Enhancement of Analytical Perception, Comparison, and Synthesis for the Blind Learner
Music can be used to train the mind in abstract thought.
Music Therapy Interventions for Young Children
Music therapy harnesses the natural responses that children have to music in order to help them with their social skills, language, and communication. A useful bibliography of sources on music therapy completes this brief article.
Listening, The Ear and Development: The Work of Dr. Alfred A. Tomatis Don Campbell
The ear's ability to listen and focus, select sounds spatially and regulate auditory information as it is perceived by the brain has become the theme in over a hundred centers worldwide dedicated to assist children and adults with speech and communication disorders, attention deficit disorders, head injuries, and autism.
Including Young Children with Special Needs
Ilene S. Schwartz, Samuel L. Odom, and Susan R. Sandall
Inclusion is not just a school issue -- it extends to the communities in which children and their families live. For parents of special needs children, participation in community, family, and other activities is important as well. Ilene Schwartz, Susan Sandall, and Sam Sodom share their views of inclusion, what it means and what it takes to implement.
Including Children with Autism in Inclusive Preschools: Strategies that Work
Ilene S. Schwartz, Felix F. Billingsley, and Bonnie M. McBride
How children with autism and other developmental disabilities are included with normally developing children in the Alice H. Hayden Preschool at the University of Washington's Experimental Education Unit (EEU).
Advanced Placement as a Positive Outcome for All Students
The Supervisor for Advanced Placement Programs at the Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction conveys the powerful effect of advanced placement programs on the state and nation.
The Assayer's Scale: Was Intelligence the Ultimate Currency of the Information Age?
Dr. Renee Fuller
Abstract ideas are supposed to be out of reach of the severely retarded and the very young. Such intellectual property belongs to higher mental ages, to higher IQ levels. So why is Dr. Fuller's learning program so successful?
Stories:The Brain-Compatible Way of Teaching Humans
Dr. Renee Fuller
Teaching with stories can improve language skills and thinking skills in children of all abilities.
Bibliotherapy for the Inclusive Classroom
Anita Iaquinta and Shellie Hipsky
Teachers can use bibliotherapy in the inclusive classroom as a tool to promote understanding of disabilities for all students.
The Learning Window
The ARK Institute of Learning
A handbook describing specific problems that can be addressed by the Learning Window, a tool that can be constructed of low-cost materials for use in classrooms. The ARK Institute of Learning provides this information at no charge on our website.
Spatial Relations and Learning
Carol Stockdale and Carol Possin, Ph.D.
Article discusses the many ways in which people with difficulty establishing spatial and temporal relationships can face problems in ordinary situations.
Section 504: It is Not Unfunded Special Education
A list of potential accommodations, an argument on why teachers need training in 504, a brief history of Section 504, and a working definition of the law.
To Accommodate, To Modify, and To Know the Difference: Help Determining Placement of a Child in Special Education or "504"
Explaining and understanding the differences between accommodations and modifications in the school setting can help determine the most effective and appropriate placement for students who are deemed eligible for special help. Niki Hayes gives examples of modifications and accommodations to help us determine the most appropriate placement for a child.
NEA: Works for Me! Tips on Managing Inclusive Classrooms
Teachers identified by the NEA as "successfully meeting the challenge with enthusiasm and grace" share tips and strategies for including all students in general classrooms.
Helping Struggling Readers
Linda Campbell and Crystal Kelly
Phonics instruction, listening comprehension, reading comprehension, tutoring and an at-home component are the essential ingredients of a successful reading program.
Reading, Dyslexia, Learning Disabilities, and Assorted Miseries
Dr. Renee Fuller
Dr. Renee Fuller examines the Reading Readiness Test -- a test that she failed after she received her doctorate in psychology and after she had spent a decade in libraries reading medical journals in several languages! The Reading Readiness Test is used to determine whether or not a child is ready to enter the first grade. The test's assessment determined that reading would not come easily for Dr. Fuller, but it did not predict that she might be able to achieve literacy through other means.
Music, Mathematics, Dyslexia: The Other Ways of Organizing Information
Dr. Renee Fuller
Dyslexia need not mean disability. Dr. Fuller presents a method of teaching students with dyslexia to read.
A page of links, including introductory articles and assessment tools.
LD Online: Reading
Links on LD and literacy.
US Department of Education: America Reads: Resources for Teaching Literacy
Lots of reading resources from the Department of Education, including Ideas at Work: How to Help Every Child Become a Reader, a new overview of national reading initiatives.
Learning to Read, Reading to Learn Campaign: Helping Children With Learning Disabilities Succeed
Provides easy to understand overviews of research findings and recommendations for teachers and families of special needs children. Materials would be ideal to use as handouts in workshops and at parent -teacher conferences.
Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children (Executive Summary)
Summary of an important report by Catherine E. Snow, M. Susan Burns, and Peg Griffin, Editors, the Committee on the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children , the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, and the National Research Council.
Center for the Improvement of Early Reading Achievement (CIERA)
CIERA's mission is to improve the reading achievement of America's children by generating and disseminating theoretical, empirical, and practical solutions to persistent problems in the learning and teaching of beginning reading.
Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: If Not Me, Then Who?
The Futurelab is a collaborative think tank in the UK working to link technology and learning in new ways.
The Special Education Technology Center
From Central Washington University.
The Accessible Classroom
A website from Johns Hopkins University with resources for educators on assistive, instructional and accessible technologies for the classroom.
Setting the Context for Universal Design for Learning and Universal Accessibility
John Castellani and Linda Tsantis
Two Johns Hopkins University professors have developed effective ways of helping regular classroom teachers to become familiar with assistive technologies.
Assistive Technology for Children Who Have Cerebral Palsy: Augmentative Communication Devices
Alisa Beth Kahn
For children with special education needs, the world of technology offers hope and possibilities.
Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Intrathecal Baclofen
Debra S. Schwulst
A new method for managing the symptoms of cerebral palsy.
Assistive Technology and Inclusion
Caren Sax, Ian Pumpian, Doug Fisher
Adaptive technologies can open a new world to children with physical limitations. The story of Joey illustrates how teachers and advocates became familiar with the wide range of assistive devices that could increase Joey's access to his world.
Fueling Inclusion Through Technology
Students with Disabilities Can Rise to New Heights with Assistive Technology.
Alliance for Technology Access
Regional centers providing information and support services to children and adults with disabilities, and increasing their use of standard, assistive, and information technologies.
Apple Computer: The Disability Connection
Macintosh and third party disability solutions, shareware library, information on new developments. Connect to Apple Computer's Worldwide Disability Solutions Group (WDSG).
AST Center for Applied Special Technology
Home of Bobby-- an online resource that checks websites for accessibility.
Closing the Gap
Closing The Gap is a source for information on innovative applications of computer technology in special education and rehabilitation.
Seeking a Post-Secondary Education Yvonne Singer
An inspiring and courageous story from a physically disabled young woman who pursued higher education despite the recommendations of her teachers and family.
Inclusive Schools in Action: Making Differences Ordinary
James McLeskey and Nancy Waldron
Classroom Management That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Every Teacher
Robert J. Marzano with Jana S. Marzano and Debra J. Pickering
Differentiated Instruction: A Guide for Middle and High School Teachers
Differentiated Instructional Strategies: One Size Doesn't Fit All
Gayle H. Gregory and Carolyn Chapman
Closing the Achievement Gap: A Vision for Changing Beliefs and Practices
Edited by Belinda Williams
Teaching Kids With Learning Difficulties in the Regular Classroom
Featured Item: Research-Based Strategies to Ignite Student Learning: Insights from a Neurologist and Classroom Teacher
By Judy Willis | Purchase